Poetry is famously difficult to define! It is often contrasted with prose.

Some features of poetry include rhythm, rhyme, repetition, alliteration and much more. These poetic devices all have something in common: they create patterns with language.

Poetry is sometimes thought of as more concentrated than prose. This means that in a poem, a writer might use fewer words to conjure an image or idea; in a prose piece they might just explain the idea outright.

You might like to read through some winning poems in the Foyle Young Poets of the Year Award and think about what makes these poems poems, rather than prose.

You might also find it helpful to hear what other poets think poetry is. Here is an example list of quotations. We encourage you to do your own research, and create your own definition!